When a loved one passes away, his or her estate will generally enter the probate process. Essentially, probate is the process through which an estate is closed. Read on to learn more about the probate process in Michigan.
How is an estate closed?
After an individual passes away, his or her estate will need to be closed. An estate can only be closed once the following criteria are met:
- The estate must be open for a minimum of five months
- A notice to creditors was published at least four months before closing
- Inventory fees were paid
- Estate and inheritance taxes were paid, along with proof of payment
Types of probate proceedings:
In Michigan, there are both formal and informal probate proceedings. Formal probate proceedings generally take place in front of a judge in court and are used when there are disputes over the will– for example, if a beneficiary contests the validity of the will. An informal probate proceeding is more simple and occurs in front of a probate register.
What kind of matters are handled in probate court?
When someone plans their estate, they generally choose a personal representative (PR). This individual is responsible for closing the estate. Probate refers to the administering of a decedent’s property by a personal representative. If the deceased party did not choose a personal representative, then the court will appoint its own PR to administer the estate. There are three steps involved in the administration of a decedent’s estate:
- Marshaling of assets
- Payment of charges
- Distribution of the remaining assets to the estate beneficiaries
If you have any questions about the probate process, our firm will walk you through it. Reach out to our firm to discuss all of your estate planning needs.
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